Archives for Theology

Is the Noble Qur’an Pre-eternal or Corporeal?

Tradition 1 عن الحسين بن خالد، قُلتُ للرّضا عليه‌السلام: يَابنَ رسولِاللّه أخبِرنى عن القرآن أخالقٌ أو مَخلوقٌ؟ فقال: ليس بخالقٍ ولا مخلوقٍ، ولكنّه كلامُ اللّه عزَّوجل. Al-Tawḥīd, Section (bāb) 30, ḥadīth 1 Translation    Ḥusayn ibn Khālid narrated, “I said to al-Riḍā (‘a), ‘O son of the Messenger of Allah! Inform me if the Qur’an is the Creator (khāliq) or something created (makhlūq).’ The Imām (‘a) said, ‘It is neither the Creator nor is it something created; rather, it is
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Mutahhari’s Replies to 5 Critiques on ‘The Issue of Hijab’

Text, page 382 Does Islam advocate women behind the veil, just as the word ḥijāb means “covering”? Or, does Islam advocate woman to cover her body in front of a stranger man without forcing her not to attend a gathering? And concerning the second case, what is the extent of the covering? Should the face and two hands up to the wrist be covered as well? Or, is it that the head and the two arms must be covered while
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Transmigration and Resurrection

The Literal and Technical Meanings of Tanāsukh (Transmigration) Tanāsukh is derived from the root word n-s-kh and its literal function is associated with two characteristics: Change and transfer, and Succession of two things, one succeeding another.[1] As such, the word naskh in the parlance of jurisprudence (fiqh) and its principles (uṣūl al-fiqh) means a ruling (ḥukm) in the sharī‘ah which is abrogated by another ruling, and each of these two characteristics of the literal meaning exist in it. In the
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Assessment of Hume’s Objections to the Argument of Design

David Hume (1711-1776) of Scotland was one of the empiricist and skeptic philosophers of the West. He opposed many metaphysical foundations such that he had also disputed the proofs of the existence of God. In view of the fact that during his time the most popular proof ever presented for the existence of God in the Western world was the argument of design or teleological argument, he had also posed a serious challenge to it, raising some objections to it.
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