Philosophy of Ethics is an English rendition of the Persian book “Falsafeh-ye Akhlaq” by the great Muslim thinker and reformer Shahid Murtada Mutahhari. Using his signature style of applying traditional Islamic sources to contemporary questions, the author presented this Islamic perspective on the philosophy of ethics by continuously engaging with the views of a wide range of philosophers including Epicurus, Plato, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Kant, Russell, Nietzsche, Marx, Dostoyevsky, Maeterlinck, Gustave Le Bon, Sartre, and Toynbee. Mutahhari’s philosophical discussion covers such issues as the what-ness of ethics, natural action and moral action, theory of emotionalism, conscience theory, Islamic ethics and morality, self and non-self, knowledge of the self, and the spiritual and moral crises in the present age. He also examines questions on the criterion for moral action, the ‘self’ in ethics, and Russell’s and Marxist theories on morality.
Murtada Mutahhari was a leading theoretician of the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran. As an accomplished scholar of Islamic sciences, he played a pivotal role in forming the modern Islamic discourse which served as the foundation of the revolution. With close to ninety works to his credit, he is considered one of the leading thinkers of the global Islamic movement in the twentieth century.
Table of Contents
About the Author
Chapter 1: What is Ethics?
Chapter 2: Natural Action and Moral Action
Chapter 3: Theory of Emotionalism and the Muslim Philosophers’ Theory
Chapter 4: Conscience Theory
Chapter 5: Theory of Beauty
Chapter 6: Theory on Worship
Chapter 7: Islamic Ethics and Morality
Chapter 8: Self and Non-self
Chapter 9: Knowledge of the Self
Chapter 10: Spiritual and Moral Crises in the Present Age
Chapter 11: The Criterion for Moral Action
Chapter 12: Communist Morality and Russell’s School of Morality
Chapter 13: Question of the ‘Self’ in Ethics